Jainism is one of the oldest religions that originated in India. Jains believe that every soul is divine and has the potential to achieve God-consciousness. Any soul which has conquered its own inner enemies (Anger, Ego, Perception, Greed) and achieved the state of supreme being is called jina (Conqueror or Victor). Jainism is the path to achieve this state. Jainism is often referred to as Jain Dharma (जैन धर्म) or Shraman Dharma or the religion of Nirgantha or religion of "Vratyas" by ancient texts.
Jainism was revived by a lineage of 24 enlightened ascetics called tirthankaras culminating withParsva (9th century BCE) and Mahavira (6th century BCE).
In the modern world, it is a small but influential religious minority with as many as 10 million followers in India, and successful growing immigrant communities in North America, Western Europe, the Far East,Australia and elsewhere.
Jains have sustained the ancient Shraman (श्रमण) or ascetic religion and have significantly influenced other religious, ethical, political and economic spheres in India.